Nobel Prize is known to be one of the most prestigious and honorable awards worldwide. Over 900 Nobel Laureates have been awarded from 1901 to 2014, including 864 people and 25 organizations.
Have a look at some of the youngest Nobel laureates of all time.
10. Tawakkol Karman
Tawakkol Abdel-Salam Karman is a journalist, human rights activist, and politician from Yemen. She is the co-founder of “Women Journalists without Chains” group established in 2005. She became 2011 Yemini upspring public face internationally as part of Arab Spring upspring. She has been termed as the “Mother of the Revolution” or “Iron Woman” by Yeminis. She also received Nobel Peace Prize in 2011. She became the first Arab woman and Yemini, and second Muslim woman who won Nobel Prize and second youngest laureate of Nobel Prize till date.
9. Frederick G. Banting
Sir Frederick Grant Banting was a Canadian physician, medical scientist, painter, and Nobel Prize laureate who is known for discovery of insulin as well as its therapeutic benefits. John James Rickard Macleod and Banting got Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1923. He shared the award money with Dr. Charles Best, his colleague. Banting received Nobel Prize at the age of 32 years as of November 2016. He is known to be the youngest Nobel laureate in Medicine/Physiology. Banting has been awarded with a lifetime annuity by the Government of Canada in 1923 to keep up with his work. King George V knighted him in 1934.
8. Mairead Corrigan Maguire
She is a peace activist who co-founded the Women of Peace, along with Ciaran McKeown and Betty Williams. Later on, it became an organization “Community for Peace People” dedicated to promoting a peace-loving resolution of the Troubles from Northern Ireland. She was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize 1976 along with Williams. Recently, she has criticized the policy of Israeli Government for Gaza, along with the naval blockade.
7. Rudolf Mössbauer
Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer was a German physicist who won 1961 Nobel Physics Prize when he was 32 years old. He won the prize for his researches on the gamma radiation’s resonance absorption as well as his discovery related to the effects of it. He also won Lomonosov Gold Medal and Elliott Cresson Medal in his lifetime. He was well known for his discovery of recoilless nuclear fluorescence resonance in 1957. The Mossbauer Effect is the base of it.
6. Tsung-Dao Lee
He is an American physicist of Chinese origin. In 1957, he won the Nobel Physics Prize when he was 31. He won the Nobel Prize for his penetrating investigation of the parity laws which has made vital discoveries about the elementary particles. He shared his prize with his partner Chen Ning Yang, who is also a Chinese-American scientist. Both of them became the first Chinese citizens as winners of Nobel Prize. He also won Albert Einstein Award. Along with it, he has also been the member of Academia Sinica, National Academy of Sciences, and Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
5. Carl D. Anderson
American physicist Carl David Anderson won 1936 Nobel Physics Prize when he was 31. He was the winner of the prize for discovering positron. He also won Elliott Cresson Medal the same year. He is also behind great contributions in discovering muon. He was the son of Swedish immigrants and born in New York City. He studied engineering and physics at Caltech. He started investigating cosmic rays and faced unseen particle tracks in his cloud chamber photos. He found the particles for the first time in cosmic rays.
4. Paul A.M. Dirac
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac was an English theoretical physicist who played great role in the early discovery of both quantum electrodynamics and quantum mechanics. He got the membership of the Center for Theoretical Studies at the University of Miami and appointed at the University of Cambridge as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. At Florida State University, he was appointed for the last decade in his life.
Among several discoveries, he formed the Dirac equation which is described with the behavior of fermions and predicted the antimatter existence. Dirac won Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1933 with Erwin Schrodinger for discovering the new productive aspects of atomic theory. He also made great contributions to the general relativity reconciliation with quantum mechanics.
3. Lawrence Bragg
He became the youngest laureate of Nobel Physics prize when he was 25 years old, in 1915. He won the Nobel Prize for his contributions in crystal structure analysis by using X-rays, a vital step for the development of crystallography of x-ray. His record is not going to be broken for the next century. Currently, he is the second youngest Nobel laureate. He is a British physicist born in Australia as well as X-ray crystallographer, in his lifetime. He also won several other awards, such as Copley Medal, Matteucci Medal, and Royal Medal. He is the youngest Nobel Laureate till date.
2. Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg is a German theoretical physicist who won 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics when he was 31 for creating the quantum mechanics, the application which led him to discover the allotropic aspects of hydrogen. He was the only Nobel Prize winner then. He is also among the leaders in quantum mechanics. He has won the honorary doctorates from the Technological University of Karlsruhe, University of Bruxelles, and the University of Budapest. He is also behind the significant contributions to the hydrodynamics theory of the atomic nucleus, turbulent flows, cosmic rays, ferromagnetism, and subatomic particles.
1. Malala Yousafzai
She is a Pakistani activist who is dedicated to female education as well as the youngest ever laureate of Nobel Prize. She is known commonly for human rights advocacy for women and education in her Swat Valley located northwest of Pakistan, where local Taliban had banned girls from joining school. Her advocacy has grown into a global movement since then.
She was born in Swat District of Pakistan. Her family runs a chain of schools in her native village. She was around 11 to 12 years old in 2009 when she wrote a blog for BBC Urdu under a pseudonym and detailed her life when Swat was occupied by Taliban. Adam B. Ellick, a journalist, made a documentary at New York Times about her life as her region was intervened by the Pakistani military. She gave interviews on TV and in print media and she rose to prominence. She was nominated for the Peace Prize by Desmond Tutu, an activist.
A Taliban gunman attempted to kill her on October 9, 2012 when she was injured and remained in critical condition and unconscious at the Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology. In January 2013, she became the most popular teenager in the world.