Walls have been constructed to symbolize both unification and division. They can destroy and protect people’s lives at the same time; depending upon which side you live. They also show the division between ‘them’ and ‘us’ as a rich part in the heritage of the country. The walls in history and the current date are showing that they have long lasting impact on the land both socially and physically. They have been built to protect against the dangerous animals, onslaught of nature and foes, and to mark borders since the earliest time of civilization.
Some walls are known as memorials, while some are stunning piece of art. Have a look at top ten most popular walls –
Lies on the northern outskirts of Cusco, Peru, Sacsayhuaman was once the Inca Empire’s capital and it lies in the north of Cusco, Peru. This walled complex is UNESCO World Heritage Site which is built of polished, large stone walls. Though Cusco is laid as puma, and the hills symbolize the head, its zigzag walls show the teeth. It has a lot of three parallel walls. The boulders are protecting the ruins in the wall and they are very tight.
9. Diyarbakır Walls
Covering all the parts of Diyarbakır which is among the largest southeastern cities in Turkey, the Diyarbakır Walls form around 3.4 miles of circle. Constructed of black basalt rock outside and formed from Karacagad volcano which is now extinct, it is formed with brickwork structure which includes storage rooms and barracks, these walls have 82 watch towers and four gates, built in exclusivity, and restored by 349 AD. Being the second largest walls in the world, they are spectacular walls having Roman touch.
8. The Great Zimbabwe Walls
The city of the Great Zimbabwe was located in Zimbabwe which is nothing but stony ruins today over the most part of today’s Zimbabwe. During the late Iron Age, it was the Kingdom of Zimbabwe capital in the country. It has the Great Enclosure which is the most frightening edifice and the ruins are well covered by the Great Zimbabwe Walls that can be around 36 feet and extending to around 820 feet. Located in the south of Sahara Desert, it is the largest structure and among the most popular walls on earth.
7. Walls of Stone
It is actually a series of walls. The walls of Ston are spread in Peljesac Peninsula in south Croatia. Spreading over 3.5 miles, the wall links the towns of Mali Ston and Ston and built at the narrowest part of peninsula just before connecting the mainland as another line of defense for the Dubrovnik city and protecting the valuable salt pans which were very valuable for city’s wealth. It is one of the most popular walls in the world and second longest wall in Europe and it was built in 15th century.
6. Walls of Babylon
Dates back to 575 BC, the Walls of Babylon are located in modern Iraq. It was the city-state of prehistoric Mesopotamia. It is located around 85km of Baghdad and was covered by the walls. These walls once fell under the prehistoric Ishtar Gate and one of the natural wonders of the world. The gate and the walls were built with blue glazed tiles and it had the rows of bas-relief dragons and aurochs. Later on, Saddam Hussein started the restoration work of the wall and ruins were reconstructed.
5. Hadrian’s Wall
These walls are located in England between England and Scotland. The wall has been constructed by the Romans to keep the Scotland’s tribes to invade Britannia, the colony in England. It starts from Irish Sea and ends at the North Sea. It was built in 2nd century AD stretching 73 miles north of the country. It is Europe’s longest wall. It attracts lots of tourists though just stretches are seen now. It has a path covering its whole length. It takes passengers from Wallsend to Bowness-on-Solway.
4. The Western Wall
Also known as the Wailing Wall, the Western Wall is positioned on the Old City of Jerusalem in Israel. With around 17 courses under the street level, and around half the wall, the wall is built somewhere around 19 BC during the Second Temple era and the rest of the layers were added from 7th Century. It is also a holy site for Jewish religion. Known as the remains of Holy Temple in Judaism, it was the western wall. It is the nearest allowed site to access the Jewish holiest spot, the Foundation Stone.
3. The Walls of Troy
Stretched in northwest Turkey, the Walls of Troy were built in 13th Century BC and they are among the oldest walls still standing now. It is an archeological site contains a lot of layers of ruins and it is also a region having historic importance. It is known as the land of the Trojan War. It was constructed to secure the Troy and it stood against the siege for 10 years and the city. It is one of the most popular walls worldwide. Some of the portions are still a well known attraction for the tourists.
2. Berlin Wall
The exciting and forever beautiful Berlin Wall is located in Germany. It is built in 1961 by the end of Cold War. It is a modern construction. It was built in the mid of Berlin by East Germany in order to keep East Berliners from reaching the western part of the city and it worked well. Around 5000 individuals tried to escape and it caused several deaths. Finally, it was fell down in 1989 by Soviet Russia. The attractive yet vivid graffiti art still covers the remains of the wall.
1. The Great Wall of China
Despite the fact that it is visible from the moon, the Great Wall of China is one of the most popular walls and among the top wonders of the world. It has been built, reconstructed and maintained from 5th to 16th Century BC to protect the Chinese Empire in the borders from the tribes heading from north; most of the walls were developed in Ming Dynasty with all the branches and fortifications, stretching for around 5500.3 meters. It is the largest manmade barrier in the world.
There are several popular walls in the world, such as Israel West Bank which forms the barrier in Bethlehem. According to Israel, it is a protecting the civilians from the terrorism in Palestine, along with Veterans Memorial Wall of Vietnam, in Washington D.C. as a tribute to the soldiers in US Army who fought, went missing or died in Vietnam War.