Trees are the main reasons why we are alive on planet. It is the main reason why humanity has its own existence. This guide is a tribute to various trees that have managed to prosper and survive over thousands of years. We have listed some of the most amazing and gigantic trees on planet. These trees are known to be world’s largest by total wood volume and they are both large in diameter and tall and hold large diameter which is high on the trunk. It has very complex measurement, especially if branch volume.
Here are the top ten largest trees in the world by volume –
10. Eucalyptus Obliqua – 337 m³(11,920 cu ft)
Located in Tasmania, Australia, Gothmug is the largest oak in Australia which grows up to 90m tall as a tree, and trunk is around 3 meters in diameter. It has rough, thick and stringy bark and sleek green leaves that are 6 to 22 cm long and 1.5 to 7 cm wide. It is also called as Sierra Redwood, Giant Redwood, or just Big Tree. It is the only living species in Sequoiadendron genus and it is one of 3 coniferous tree species, known as redwoods that are categorized in Cupressaceae family in Sequoioideae subfamily, with coast redwood and dawn redwood. The government imposed restrictions to the natural distribution of these trees in limited regions of the west Sierra Nevada in California.
9. Queets Spruce – 337 m³(11,920 cu ft)
Found in Washington D.C., Queets River Spruce (Picea sitchensis) is the largest Sitka spruce in the world. It stands tall at 75.6m. It is indeed the largest spruce species and 5th largest conifer on plant (followed by coast redwood, giant sequoria, western red cedar and kauri), and third tallest species of conifer (followed by coast Douglas-fir and coast redwood). It is a large coniferous evergreen tree which grows to around 100m (330ft) tall and the trunk diameter can exceed 16 ft (5m) with trunk diameter. It is one of those species that are reported to reach 91m (299ft) in height. It is named after Sitka community, Alaska. It is a long-lived tree. Some of the trees lived up to 700 years. It grows mostly in favorable conditions. These trees have been estimated to be around 350 to 450 years old.
8. Red Creek Fir (349 m³(12,320 cu ft)
Red Creek tree or Coast Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is an evergreen conifer found vastly in British Columbia, Canada and western North America to south and central California. It can stand tall to 100m to 120m (330 to 390 ft). In Washington and Oregon, it is spread from Cascades crest to Pacific Ocean and Pacific Coast Ranges. It is native to the California Coast ranges and Klamath and far south at Santa Lucia Mountains. It is located far south as Santa Barbara County. It occurs from sea level along the coast to around 5900 ft (1800m) in California Mountains.
7. Rullah Longatyle – 368 m³(13,000 cu ft)
Also known as Strong Girl, Grieving Giant, Rullah Longatyle (Eucalyptus Globulus) is the largest Tasmanian blue gum and eucalyptus in the world. It is an evergreen tree and one of the widely cultivated trees found in Tasmania, Australia. It is the tallest widely known tree in Tasmania which stands at 90.7m (298ft) tall. The tallest ever tree of this species was reported to be 101m tall (331 ft). The natural distribution of these species includes southern Victoria (especially southern Gippsland and Otway Ranges) and Tasmania. There are isolated occurrences on Flinders Island and King Island in Bass Strait and on summit of You Yangs. There are non-native, naturalized occurrences in Portugal and Spain, and other regions of southern Europe, including southern Africa, Cyprus, western United States, New Zealand, Macaronesia and Hawaii.
6. Eucalyptus Regnans (391 m³(13,808 cu ft)
Still Sorrow or Eucalyptus Regnans is an evergreen tree which is known widely as mountain ash, giant ash, or Victorian Ash. It is the Eucalyptus species found vastly in southeastern Australia, in Victoria and Tasmania. Historically, this tree has been best known to achieve heights of up to 114m (374 ft). Hence, it is one of the tallest species of trees on planet and the tallest flowering plant in the world.
5. Quinault Lake Redcedar – 500 m³(17,650 cu ft)
Also known as Western Redcedar, the Quinault Lake Redcedar (Thuja Plicata) is the largest western redcedar on planet with around 500 cubic meter of wood volume. It is native to the northwestern shore of Quinault Lake, located north of Aberdeen, Washington. It is located around 34km from Pacific Ocean and is 1/3rd the volume of “General Sherman”, the largest known tree. It is around 55m (180ft) tall with around 6.04m of diameter.
4. Tane Mahuta – 516 m³(18,222 cu ft)
Tane Mahuta or Kauri (Agathis australis) is the fourth largest tree in the world. It is a giant Kauri tree which is native to Waipoua Forest, New Zealand. It is estimated to be around 1250 to 2500 years old. It is the largest known Kauri alive. It is a coniferous Araucariaceae tree in genus Agathis which is found 38°S north in northern districts of North Island in New Zealand. It is the largest tree in New Zealand by volume which stands up to 50m tall over the main canopy of the forest.
3. Arbol del Tule – 750 m³(25,000 cu ft)
The Tree of Tule, Arbol Del Tule (Taxodium mucronatum) or Montezuma Cypress is located in Santa Maria del Tule in Oaxaca, Mexico. The town was known actually for this tree. It is around 1400 years old and it is believed to have world’s widest tree trunk with around 11.62m (38.1ft) of diameter.
2. Lost Monarch – up to 1,084m³(38,299+ cu ft)
The Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) or Lost Monarch is also known as Grogan’s Fault and native to Northern California. Its breast height is 26 ft. in diameter and stands 320 ft. tall. When it comes to wood volume, it is the largest coast redwood in the world. It is a long-lived, evergreen, monoecious tree which is around 1200 to 1800 years old.
1. General Sherman – 1,487 m³(52,508 cu ft)
The General Sherman or Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is found in the giant forest of Sequoia National Park, California. It is reported to be the largest known single stem tree alive in the world by volume. It is also known as Sierra Redwood, Sierran Redwood or just Big Tree. It is estimated to be around 2300 to 2700 years old and has survived climate changes, several fires and ill effects of modern civilization.