The land of mysterious facts and magic, adorned with the greatest artificial structure of ancient universe – the mighty pyramid of Giza – Egypt is a land of several treasures left by mankind. When Herodotus, Greek philosopher and historian came to Egypt, he got stunned and startled with the marvelous creations and beauties of the Pharaohs aside River Nile.
In Egypt, we came to know about the shaking tall statues, largest pyramid they’ve made, cutting-edge, well-protected townships, enormous temples, and the darkest side of bygone era. This land belongs to several legendary Pharaohs, such as Tutankhamen, as well as the land of Ra. Egypt, the Sun God, also ruled by several great queens, and some are very popular because they played a vital role in literature by several popular poets and novelists, such as Cleopatra.
Queen Tausret or Twosret was also popular for her royal name “Beloved of Amun” or “Daughter of Re” or “Sitre Meryamun”. She was the final Pharaoh and the last known ruler of the 19th Dynasty. She is known as the Thuoris in Manetho’s Empire who is known as Polybus by Homer, Alcandara’s husband. Troy was taken in his time. She is known to begin in 9 Regnal year. Hence, she had 2 independent years to rule. The Queen and her husband were discovered by Theodore Davis in a cache of jewelry in KV56 tomb in the “Valley of the Kings”. The tomb also had objects with the name “Rameses II”. The KV14 tomb of Twosret in the Valley of the Kings started in Seti II’s rule.
Also called as Nitiqrty or Queen Neterkare, Nitocris is the “Soul of Re is Divine”. She was the daughter of Queen Neith and Pepi II and reported to be the sister of Merenre Nemtyemsaf II and the also the final Pharaoh in the 6th Dynasty. She was just known to be from Turin Canon, Herodotus and Manetho without any archeological evidence. She also invited the “King of Egypt” who killed her brother.
Meryt-Neith or Merneith refers to the “Beloved by Neith”. She was a consort and first lady Pharoah who was the previous queen regnant in the history of Ancient Egypt in the first dynasty. She is also claimed as Djer’s daughter and she was possibly the second royal Djet’s wife. She was Den’s mother as clay seal was found in the tomb of her son engraved with “Merneith” King’s mother. Her stele consists of symbol of the deity. Her tomb is around Den’s tomb and Djet as her tomb is from the same scale as the tomb of kings of previous era.
Also called as Ankhkheperure-mery-Neferkheperure, Neferneferuaten was a pharaoh in the end of Amarna Period in 18th Dynasty. Her creed was confirmed by the feminine ruins found in the name “Epithet Akhet-en-hyes” which refers to “Good for her husband”. She ruled the only reign in Pairi’s inscription for 3 Regnal Year. The interpretation accepted from the evidence was that Akhenaten and Smenkhkare were served as coregent in around year 15, with a throne of Ankhkheperure.
6. Ahhotep I.
Ahhotpe or Ahhotep I, refers to “The Moon is Satisfied”. She was an Ancient Egyptian queen (1560-1530 BC) who ruled circa during 17th dynasty. She was the daughter of Senakhtenre Ahmose and Queen Tetisheri (Teti the Small), and known to be the wife and sister of Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao, the 17th dynasty king. Her contribution for the nation has been recorded by a stele in Karnak temple. She is titled as the “Great Royal Wife”, “King’s Mother” and “The Associate of the White Crown Bearer”.
Also known as “Neferusobek”, Sobekneferu refers to “The Beauty of Sobek”. She was an Egyptian Pharaoh of 12th dynasty. She ruled the Egypt from 1806 to 1802 BC (almost four years). She was Amenemhat III’s daughter. According to Manetho, an Egyptian historian, she was also Amenemhat IV’s sister who is not mentioned in any archeological findings. She had few monuments which have been discovered, along with the base of the “King’s Royal Daughter” discovered in Gezer. She wears very unique costume along with combination of female and male dress.
4. Khentkaus I.
Also called as Khentkawes, Khentkaus I was the Queen of Ancient Egypt in the fourth dynasty. She was known to be Pharaoh Menkaure’s daughter. It was also found that she was the mother of Userkaf and wife of Shepseskaf. She is also reported to be the wife of King Userkaf as well as the mother of Neferirkare Kakai and Sahure and titled as the “Mother of Two Dual Kings”. She was believed widely as the oldest attested queen for using the title “Lower Egypt” and “King of Upper”. She was buried in Giza and the tombs G 8400 and LG 100 built for her in the Central Field, Giza.
Also titled as Neferneferuaten Nefertiti, Nefertiti was the Chief Consort of Akhenaten (Egyptian Pharaoh) or the Great Royal Wife. She was also Scenes’ daughter in the tombs of the nobles. She had several titles, such as “Great of Praises”, “Hereditary Princess”, “Sweet of Love”, “Lady of Grace”, “Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt”, and “Lady of the Two Lands”. Along with her husband, Nefertiti was known for her religious revolution and they worshipped only “Aten” or the Sun. She ruled Egypt after the death of her husband before accession of Tutankhamun, the Boy King.
Also called as Hatchepsut, Hatshepsut literally means “The Foremost of Noble Ladies” and she was the 5th pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She was born in a lion’s den. She was the daughter of Ahmes and Thutmose I. She was among the greatest in Egypt along with Nefertiti or King Tut. An entire room at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art has been devoted to her. She ruled the ancient Egypt for around 22 years. She was also among the most renowned builders in ancient Egypt. She wore men’s clothing like the false beard of pharaoh to rule Egypt.
Also known as Cleopatra VII Philopator, Cleopatra was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt and she got succeeded by Pharaoh Carsarion. Her name is derived from Kleopatra, Greek name, which literally means the “Glory of the Father”. She ruled originally with Ptolemy XII Auletes, and later with Ptolemy XIV and Ptolemy XIII. She replaced her brothers and became the only ruler of Egypt.
Egypt had a lot of mystical Gods and Pharaohs, along with the parts of animal bodies. Before the first dynasty, the land of Egypt was ruled by Demigods. The great Pharaohs ruled the mystic land alongside River Nile.