Building is considered to be a manmade structure which is intended or used to shelter or support any consistent or used occupancy. Here in this post, we have listed the top ten oldest freestanding monuments built in the world. These are the living example of the handwork and skills of the people of that period. Currently, we get surprised to explore these wonders which are in remote ages without any modern machine and technology and the way how such a great construction was built.
Most of these sites listed here seem to be UNESCO World Heritage Sites and few dated back to Neolithic era. We hope you will enjoy reading it. Take a peek at the top 10 oldest buildings on planet.
10. Sanchi Stupa, India
Located at Sanchi, the Great Stupa is the oldest stone structure and commissioned in 3rd Century BC originally by the King Ashoka the Great. The nucleus was just a hemispherical brick structure which is built over the Buddha’s relics. It was crowned by a parasol-like structure, chatra which symbolize the high rank and it was known to shelter and honor the relics. It has a balustrade and four well-carved ornamental gateways covering the whole structure. The construction of this Stupa was managed by his first wife Samragyi Vidisha Devi.
9. Dhamek Stupa, India
Located at Sarnath, Dhamek Stupa is a giant stupa which is 13 km from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. Built in 500 CE, the Dhamek Stupa replaced the last structure built by Ashoka the Great Maurya King in 249 BCE, with various other monuments, to celebrate the activities of Buddha in his region. The Stupas were originated as the circular mounds covered by the large stones. These stupas were built by King Ashoka to enshrine small parts of relics and calcinated bone of the Buddha along with his disciples. With edict, Ashoka Pillar is engraved on it and stands around the site.
8. Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak, Bulgaria
Located around the Kazanlak town in central Bulgaria, the Thracian Tomb is a vaulted ‘beehive’ brickwork tomb which is positioned around Seuthopolis, the prehistoric Thracian capital. It is supposed to be the part of a huge Thracian necropolis. It consists of round burial chamber and narrow corridor, both designed with murals to represent the Thracian couple at the funeral feast. Dated back to the 4th century BCE, the monument has become the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.
7. Minoan Palace of Knossos, Greece
The Palace of Knossos was the political and ceremonial hub for the Minoan culture and civilization. It was excavated and restored partially as directed by Arthur Evans in the early 20th Century. The size of this palace has far exceeded than what he actually expected. Linear A and Linear B are two of the ancient scripts discovered by him to distinguish their texts from the pictures present in it. The palace was later abandoned somewhere around the end of Late Bronze Age (1380-1100 BC).
The event is unknown for one of several certain disasters which befell the palace which usually put ahead. Mycenaean Greeks were probably the abandoning population, who occupied the earlier city-state and using the administrative script of Linear B, opposite to the last administrative script, Linear A.
6. Parthenon, Greece
Located at Athenian Acropolis, Greece, the Parthenon is a temple devoted to Athena, the maiden goddess, who is considered as the patron of the people of Athens. The construction of this temple started in 447 BC when the empire of Athens was at its peak of power. In 438 BC, the temple was completed, despite the fact that decoration of the building lasted till 432 BC. It is the most vital building survived in Classical Greece. It is known as the enduring symbol of Athenian democracy, Ancient Greece, western civilization, and among the greatest cultural monuments in the world.
5. Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt
Built in 27th Century BC, the Pyramid of Djoser is positioned at Saqqara necropolis is dedicated to the Pharoah Djoser’s burial by his vizier, Imhotep. The first pyramid in Egypt consists of 6 mastabas built over each other.
Originally, the pyramid stood 62m tall, with the base of 109 x 125 m and clad in white polished limestone. This step pyramid is known to be the earliest large cut stone construction. The oldest un-worked stone structure dated back to 3000 BC in Caral, Peru.
4. Tarxien Temples, Malta
These are known to be the archeological complexes located in Tarxien, Malta. These temples date back to around 3150 BC. The site was recognized under UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the year 1980. The Tarxien includes three different, yet attached structures. The reconstruction built in 1956 is the main entrance when the complete site was restored.
Most of the decorated slabs found on site were restored at the same time indoors for protection in Valletta at the Museum of Archeology. The first temple dates back to around 3100 BC and it is the most ornately decorated temple in Malta.
3. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
Also called as the Pyramid of Khufu, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest and oldest of the three pyramids located in Giza Necropolis covering the El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of 7 Wonders of the Ancient World and it is one to intact largely. According to the Egyptologists, the pyramid was originally built as a tomb for Khufu, an Egyptian Pharaoh of 4th dynasty, over the period of 10 to 20 years completing around 2560 BCE. At 481 feet (146.5m), the Great Pyramid was initially the tallest artificial marvel in the world for up to 3800 years.
2. La Hougue Bie, Jersey
It is actually a historic site in the Parish of Grouville, Jersey, with a museum. It was being used around 3500 BC. It consists of the passage chamber which is 18.6m long and it is covered beautifully by 12.2m high earth mound. It was excavated for the first time in 1925 by Societe Jersiaise. It is among the best preserved and largest passage graves in Western Europe and the most impressive monument in the group of Armorican Passage Graves. It was used as an important lookout point in the World War II, as well as underground command bunker which was built in the mound.
1. Tumulus of Bougon, France
The Necropolis of Bougon or the Tumulus of Bougon is the collection of 5 Neolithic barrows, i.e. Tumulus A, B, C, D, E, and F, in Bougon, France. In 1840, they were discovered and raised huge scientific interest. For the protection of monuments the Department of Deux-Sevres acquired the site in 1873.