In this post, we have compiled the list of “Most Influential People of 20th century” out of top 100 Most Important people listed in Time Magazine in the year 1999. We have listed the people who are known for having great presence in the world, for worse or for better. The life stories of these people inspire us, challenge us, entertain us, and change the world.
Here is the list of top 10 most important people who changed the world in 20th century.
10. Henry Ford
Henry Ford founded Ford Motor Company. He was an American industrialist and sponsored the development of assembly line approach in mass production. Instead of being a leader or politician, he was simply the inventor of a car which brought a revolutionary change in automobile world. According to a survey conducted in 1999 on Americans, Ford led him to be placed in the Gallup’s List of Most Admired People in 20th century. He was also the innovator in welfare capitalism.
9. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
He was the most influential person in the Indo-Pak history. He was a great lawyer, leader and politician. From 1913 until Independence of Pakistan on August 14, 1947, he was the chief of All-India Muslim League. He was also the first Governor-General of Pakistan from independence till death. He is known as the Great leader (Quaid-i-Azam) and Father of the Nation (Baba-i-Quam) of Pakistan.
8. Wright Brothers
The Wright Brothers were undoubtedly the most influential people in 20th century. Wilbur and Orville were the brothers who were also the aviation leaders and inventors of airplane, one of the most significant and biggest inventions in 20th century. From just a bicycle repair shop to research and experiments in the airplane development, they created the world’s first aircraft.
7. Mao Zedong
Chinese political theorist and communist revolutionary, Mao Zedong was the founder of the People’s Republic of China, since its inception in 1949. He was also the Chairman of the Communist Party of China to govern the country until his death. He is known as the important personality in China who brought it to unified standards. He was the legend in 20th century as a Chinese Communist Party’s leader. He led both the Chinese Communist Part and Chinese Revolution alone.
6. Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Leonard Spenser-Churchill was well known for leading the UK during the World War II. He was a British politician and a successful leader. He was a Noble Prize-winning writer and a great statesman. He was also the Prime Minister who was elected through the World War II halfway. He was also the great strength for Allies and Britishers across the world.
5. Adolf Hitler
He was the Austin-born leader of Nazi’s community (National Socialist German Workers Party) and a German politician. From 1933 to 1945, he was the chancellor of Germany as well as Nazi Germany’s dictator from 1934 to 1945. He was the leader of Nazi Germany, the Holocaust, and Second World War in Europe.
He was a legendary German leader and the most debated leaders in 20th century. He was behind the world’s biggest war in the history and changed the whole face of the world. He led Germany in Second World War. On April 30, 1945, he committed suicide. He is also criticized as one of the cruelest ruler in the world and for instigating the Holocaust.
4. Franklin D. Roosevelt
From 1933 to 1945, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the US and world’s central figure in the events happened in the mid of 20th century. He led the US during the total war conditions and economic depression across the world. Whether he was a good president or not for the public, he made a unique presence among the presidents of USA who were most revolutionary and democratic. He won the wars on two sides. He helped the country to survive the depression with his progressive policies and norms. He also formed a Social Security system to support the elderly citizens in the US.
3. Mahatma Gandhi
Being the “Father of the Nation” for India, Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most influential pacifists ever born in the world. He was the most significant political figure in India’s history. He is known as one of the greatest leaders in the world and the Father of the Nation. He played a vital role in India’s Independence Movement. His beliefs in civil disobedience and non-violence are still embraced by the youth. India became an independent country also because of him. He made a unique presence among the most influential freedom fighters in the history of the country.
2. Nelson Mandela
The anti-apartheid activist and ex-president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela was a revolutionary politician. He was the first president of South Africa who elected in multiracial, fully representative election. His administration was based on dismantling the legacy of apartheid, reducing poverty, racism, and inequality.
He was a democratic socialist politically who served as the president of ANC (African National Congress) from 1990 to 1999. He has been honored with over 100 awards and national recognitions. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 which was the most important achievement of him. He became one of the most important personalities in 20th century.
He fought for human equality due to which he was jailed for 28 years in South Africa. He was struggling against cancer for a long time and he died on December 5, 2013 when he was 95 years old.
1. Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was the most influential scientist in 20th century. He is regarded as the Father of Modern Physics. He is the one who revolutionized the scientific theories. His sense of humor and down-to-earth personality made people adore him as a scientist. He was the public’s scientist who was famous for creating short quips.
He was among the most brilliant scientists in 20th century. He always worn disheveled clothing, uncombed hair, and lack of socks and appeared unusual. He worked with dedication to understand the world in his entire life. He was the discoverer of the Theory of Relativity that opened the door to create atomic bomb. He contributed a lot in the Theoretic Physics in 1921 and he got Nobel Prize for that.
Albert Einstein was selected as the Person of the Century among 100 of the personalities selected on the grounds where he was a leading scientist in the world which is ruled by science. According to Time Magazine’s editors, the world will remember 20th century especially for his discoveries and scientific theories. He is the role model for all scientists like Bohr, Heisenberg, Fermi, etc.