10 Greatest British Scientists And Their Inventions

Creative thinking, intuitional instincts or an intense longing to understand this creation, we can’t guess what shapes the passion of a scientist. Still and all, discoveries say that there’s some pattern in the neural connections that makes them to think beyond their thoughts. And thus, even a speck of their life is a matter of great inspiration and understanding, especially to the young generation of scientists and technicians today.

Read along the stories of ten of the most famous British scientists and their inventions.

1. Isaac Newton – Laws of Motion & Gravitation

Isaac Newton

Ah! Sir Newton evidently doesn’t require any explanation but still. From calculus to Laws of motion to Newtonian mechanics, science has a major shell of credit to the English mathematician, astronomer and physicist. And you’d be surprised to know that this great natural philosopher never married and died without a family of his own. Well, until and unless, Earth is there, he’ll remain in the memories of every child who watches an apple fall down from a tree, The Apple Man.

2. Tim Berners Lee – World Wide Web

Tim Berners Lee

Diversity of thought as he quotes in one of his sayings is what best expresses the director and inventor of World Wide Web (WWW) revolution. Born in London, Sir Timothy was a keen trainspotter during his school time. His interest in engineering technology eventually grew when he graduated with a degree in engineering. But it was only after he worked on a ‘real time remote procedure call’ that he gained knowledge about computer networking which eventually led to the discovery of communication between HTTP and a server via Internet.

3. Charles Darwin – Theory of Evolution

Charles Darwin

Take any modern scientist, renowned of physicists, technicians, philosophers or even spiritual leaders, no one can deny the revolution this British geologist brought to the world of mortals with his Science of Evolution. What he discovered literally broke apart the shackles of human separation. According to his theory, also outlined in detail in his work Origin of the Species, every human has been evolved from a common ancestral particle that first originated into life. Whoa! Life-changing!

4. Alexander Graham Bell – Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

One of the greatest examples of creative thinking, Mr. Alexander with his discovery teaches us how a generation steps into its advanced stages. With a mother and a wife both deaf, the Scottish scientist did elaborate work on hearing, speech and deafness. Little did he knew, his one thought would change the scenario of the world to come. Today we can’t even imagine our lives, even a minute of it without our phones. Can we?

5. John Logie Baird – Television

John Logie Baird

Born and brought up in Dunbartonshire, Baird was the first inventor to create a colour television. At the age of 35, due to his degrading health, Baird moved to his workshop in Queen’s Arcade in England and started working on what we call a mechanical television today. You’d love to know that the first television was made from an old hatbox, a pair of scissors, darning needles, bicycle lenses, used tea chest, sealing wax and glue!

6. Charles Babbage – Digital Programmable Computer

Charles Babbage

Today Information Technology industry is mushrooming like anything. Billions of engineers, technicians and programmers working on it. However, the first person who gave way to this industry, to the first digital programmable computer was no other than Charles Babbage. Also known as the Father of Computer, Babbage never attended a regular school. Well, school kids, got some inspiration? Hah! The London born scientist has also been featured in many cartoon films, video games and publications.

7. Thomas Wedgwood – Photography

Thomas Wedgwood

All those beautiful light sensitive images that take your brain into a time leap wouldn’t have been possible today if not for the experimentations of Mr. Wedgewood. He was the first pioneer in this field to actually develop photographic images through a camera. Born in Staffordshire in an ancestry line of potters, Wedgewood was fascinated by the forms and their beauty. He was a close friend of the poet and philosopher, Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

8. Robert Hooke – Coining of Term ‘Cell’

Robert Hooke

There is nothing in this universe so small not worth paying attention to. Hooke, the inventor of human ‘cell’ struggled, failed and rose up to fame by being persistent in his researches and experiments. Drawn to observe things from his very childhood, Hooke made his living by making materials from coal, chalk and ruddle as a youth. Post his father’s death, he moved to London where, after a series of mechanical experiments, he coined the term ‘cell’ while working in the Royal Society.

9. Michael Faraday – Electric Motor

Michael Faraday

Faraday is not just a layman’s inspiration; he was an inspiration of the great Albert Einstein too. Along with Electric Motor, Faraday is the inventor of benzene and many major laws of electromagnetism. Though he did receive but very little formal education, Faraday’s name can be found in today’s course books of textbooks, statues, institutions, garden, school, documentary series and a blue arts plaque in Royal Society.

10. John Dalton – Atomic Theory

John Dalton

Born in Cumberland, Dalton’s father, a weaver was too poor to support his education that Dalton started to work at an early age of ten. But a great thought find its ways. And so it did for Dalton. Despite of facing several stereotypes of being a Dissenter and being banned by English colleges, Dalton received most of his knowledge from the great blind philosopher John Gough. This became a huge factor in his notable work on colour blindness in later years.