The world has seen different types of leaders. But the leaders in democratic countries are often known to be the most popular ones. This is the reason why Prime Ministers and Presidents like George Bush, Obama, Donald Trump, Ronald Regan, Roosevelt, and Margaret Thatcher have been very popular across the world. There are some of the leaders little different due to their unique political achievements.
They are often called as socialists or populist. Here is the list of top 10 most well known socialist leaders.
10. J.V. Stalin
Probably the most controversial socialist leader in the world, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was at helm of associations when Bolshevik Revolution took the stance as nationalist. The official philosophy of the state was dialectical materialism under him. All political opponents were crushed ruthlessly under his leadership, including the Trotskyists. The images of forced labor and Gulag under brutal conditions along with executions of millions of political hostages took place illegally when it comes to Stalin.
9. Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin is among the leading Bolshevik Revolution architects. He is considered to be one of the few leaders who not just came from the front in battles against Tsars but they are also the ones whose theoretical works and writings helped to highlight the complex issues of class struggle. He could forecast the evolution of imperialism and also predicted that Russian revolution would not be able to succeed without the victory of Germany’s working class battles and other parts of Europe.
8. Che Guevara
Che was one of the most popular synonyms of rebellion. Currently, he has become the leading name in the world. Almost every young, hot-blooded rebel has read his popular Motorcycle Diaries. His love to bring the positive change was seen in their Focoist movement and the Fidel and various comrades which collapsed the feudal regime and it conducted the most exclusive land reforms worldwide.
7. Mao Zedong
People from the Right and Left wing have read the Little Red Book written by Mao. The New Democratic Revolution was formed by him who is aimed to combat the Japanese colonizers and big landlords. The Cultural Revolution led by him was also very popular in the world. But everything related to Mao has not gone well when it comes to historians. Several excesses were happened in Cultural Revolution.
6. Evo Morales
Also known as Evo, Juan Evo Morales Ayma was born on October 26, 1959. He is a cocalero activist and a politician in Bolivia. Since 2006, he also served as the President of his country. He is widely known as the first president of Bolivia who came from indigenous population. With his administration, he focused on implementing leftist policies, reduction in poverty, and combining influence of multinational companies and the United States in Bolivia. He also leads MAS or Movement for Socialism party and he is a socialist.
5. Salvador Allende
Salvador Allende was one of the important members associated to the evolution of Left in Chile. The administration of Salvador was followed closely by the same of Pinochet that was known by most of the people among the most autocratic in the world. The individuals in Chile are now in arms for universal and free education system that will be remembering the good days under his administration. But by using the coup, he was removed from administration. In 1973, neoliberalism was established.
4. Dilma Rousseff
From 2011 to her removal and impeachment on August 2016 from office, Dilma Vana Rousseff is a politician and economist in Brazil and also served as the 36th President in her country. For holding the Brazilian Presidency, she is also the first woman. Earlier, she was the Chief of Staff of Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, the President, from 2005 to 2010. Rousseff was the daughter of an immigrant of Bulgaria. She was raised in Belo Horizonte in an upper middle class family. In her youth, she was a socialist and joined Left wing after coup d’état in 1964 in her youth. She also joined Marxist urban guerrilla groups which also battled against the dictatorship. She was tortured, captured and jailed from the year 1970 to 1972.
3. Nicolas Maduro
Nicolas Maduro Moros is a politician in Venezuela who also served as the 65th President of the country since the year 2013. He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs under President Hugo Chavez from the year 2006 to 2013. From 2012 to 2013, he also served as a Vice President of the country.
Previously he was a bus driver who emerged to become a leader in trade union. In 2000, he got elected in National Assembly. In the Venezuelan Government, he was assigned to several positions under Chavez. In 2006, he ultimately became the Foreign Minister. He was described as the most capable politician and administrator of inner circle of Chavez in his time. After the death of Chavez on March 5, 2013, he assumed the responsibilities and authorities of the president. On April 14, 2013, a special election was held for the election of a new president. He won with 50.62% of votes by representing the United Socialist Party.
2. Fidel Castro
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was a politician and revolutionary in Cuba. He served as the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President from the year 1976 to 2008. He was a Cuban nationalist and Marxist-Leninist politically and also served in Communist Party of Cuba as the First Secretary from 1961 to 2011. Cuba became a one party state under his governance. In addition, he implemented state socialist reforms in the society and businesses and industries were nationalized.
He is apparently a world figure and viewed as a champion of anti-imperialism and socialism by his supporters. His radical regime has advanced the social and economic justice which secured the independence of Cuba against American imperialism. He is considered as a dictator by the critics as his governance overlooked exodus of several Cubans, human rights abuses, and hardship in nation’s economy. He has earned several international awards and influenced several groups and people worldwide.
1. Hugo Chavez
Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias was a politician in Venezuela who was also a 64th President of his country from the year 1999 to 2013. He also founded Fifth Republic Movement and led it from 1997 to 2007. The United Socialist Party of Venezuela was formed with its merger with various other parties led by him till 2012. He was born in Sabaneta, Barinas in a working class family. He was a career military officer. Unhappy with the political system in Venezuela on Punto Fijo Pact, Hugo Chavez founded Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200.