10 Shocking & Obscure Art Movements in the World

Art seems to be more complex than it seems. It is often hard to decode the message and the meaning which artist actually wants to share. Sometimes, it is often hard to know the methods and techniques used. But art also comes from art movements and various categories which further make things complex. Some movements are quite simple, while others are not.

Here, we have compiled some of the most obscure and strangest art movements which still exist or once existed in the world.

10. Orphism

Also known as Simultaneism or Orphic Cubism, Orphism is a benchmark in abstract art hails from Cubism. This art movement was named after Guillaume Apollinaire, a French poet in the year 1912, who gives preference to color and light. According to Apollinaire, this new painting style brings musical effects to the painting. It is named after a singer and poet, Orpheus, from ancient Greek mythology. Robert Delaunay along with his wife Sonia Delaunay-Terk started this movement. Unlike Cubists, color is believed to be the strong element in their art. However, the movement ended before the beginning of World War I.

9. Intentism

Have you ever been to art exhibition? You may be wondering exactly what the meaning of this piece of art is. You may come to know that understanding the intention and meaning of art sometimes can be very difficult. There is perhaps no meaning in art. Or sometimes the message and the meaning of art is anything we decide on it. However, Intestism followers may not agree. It is a global art movement of authors, artists, musicians and actors. It is based on three rules. First, they believe that artists can freely spread their message to a society. Second, the hidden, denied or confused intensions have no accountability. Lastly, excluding intension can cause forced restrictions on artist.

8. Fluxus Art Movements

Fluxus was an artists’ group which was known for mixing several artistic media in 1960s. The artists of this group could be found internationally but most of them are found in New York and various cities in Germany. The founder is believed to be George Maciunas who named it Fluxus and edited several publications of the movement.

7. Yellowism

Vladimir Umanets was a vandal who scrawled graffiti in 2012 on the mural of Mark Rothko on exhibition at Tate Modern of London. Since then, the Yellowism movement has been recognized globally.  It is an art movement operated by two people – Marcin Lodyga and Vladimir Umanets.

6. Arte Povera

Also known as the Poor Art, Arte Povera was an art movement founded in 1960s. The group included Italian artists created art from common materials like clothing, rocks and paper. They refused modernist abstract painting and minimalism. The Italian art curator and critic introduced the name of the movement who wanted to spread the notion of art which is created without any issue.

5. Mannerism

Founded in 1520 in Italy, Mannerism soon enhanced its reach across Europe. Rather than being based on natural representations, the art movement focused on virtuosity and complexity. The artist, Giuseppe Arcimboldo made the portraits completely with objects like fruits, vegetables, flowers etc. The movement is named after “Maniera” an Italian word which refers to style. According to Mannerists, natural paintings must be too simple and plain for life. It is considered to be ideal to add spice to your life with refinement and invention. They loved to use irrational settings, elongated forms, as well as theatrical lighting.

4. Dazzle Camouflage

The technique of Dazzle Camouflage was used to hide ships in WW1 and WW2. It is also called as Razzle Dazzle. Wilkinson was an illustrator and artist along with volunteer in Royal Navy in World War One. He noticed the danger at Germany U-boats and made a plan to help the ships using his creativity. He knew that camouflage ships completely are not possible. So, he found the opposite way to do it. So, he painted the bold colors and crazy shapes on the ships to confuse the evils. It is hard for the enemies to estimate the size, speed and direction of ships.

3. The Incoherents

Founded by a Persian publisher and author, Jules Levy in 1882, The Incoherents was an art movement showcases the drawings of people or children who didn’t know how to draw and fornt parodies and objects of well known art pieces and social and political satire. Along with serving as an artistic outlet or artistic exhibition, the movement has also served as a way for public entertainment. When Jules Levy organized an event where people could be motivated to paint and draw and create art, this art movement was started. In 1886, Levy unfortunately became criticized by the people who claimed that he was using it for his own benefits. Others also used his name for their own businesses. Several magazines and cafes were started in his name. But they had no relation to the people involved in the movement so far. Hence, Levy chose to end the movement. Despite few of the recovery attempts, the movement was lost somewhere in the ashes of Parisian trends.

2. Stuckism Art Movement

Rather than conceptual art, Stuckism is actually an art movement which is known to promote figurative painting. Founded by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson in 1999, the art movement was named when Childish was insulted by his girlfriend. She told that the art was nothing but “Stuck, Stuck, Stuck”. The members believe that the art is not all about beds and dead animals which oppose to minimal art, modern art and conceptual art. The Stuckists were against the Turner Prize constantly as they held demonstrations. They also appeared in the getup of clowns on one event.  The movement gained huge media attention over the years due to these demonstrations. Stuckism has emerged as a large-scale international movement which has up to 187 groups in over 45 nations.

1. Fauvism Art

Fauvism came out first in France in the early 20th century. It was among the first avant-garde art movements which were successful. The Fauves, which literally referred to as “The Wild Beasts” showed up with vibrant yet unnatural colors, and bold brushstrokes which are applied from the tube directly. They preferred individual intuition and expression over proper representation and academic theory. Hence, several paintings made by him were simple yet abstract.

The movement is named after an art critic, Louis Vauxcelles who saw the artwork of Andre Derain and Henri Matisse, along with several artists and they are finally called as ‘les fauves’ in disapproval. He went ahead to express artists as youngsters behind the movement.